FBQ1: ­­_________________is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations and the application of this study to the control of health problems Answer: Epidemiology FBQ2: The Father of Epidemiology is _____________ Answer: John Snow FBQ3: The modern definition of epidemiology accommodates__________ important elements Answer: Three FBQ4: The______________ is concerned with studying disease occurrence in people and the numerous factors which people are often exposed to that played a significant role in disease occurrence Answer: Epidemiologist FBQ5: ____________Studies is the study of the amount and distribution of a disease within a population by persons, place and time Answer: Descriptive FBQ6: The focus of analytical study is not to formulate but to test hypothesis. True/False Answer: True FBQ7: _________________study examine the relationship between health status and variables Answer: Analytical FBQ8: ____________ help to determine spread Answer: Rates FBQ9: _____________________ is the measure of the frequency of cases of disease in a particular population and the times of onset of which occurred during a specified period of time Answer: Incidence Rate FBQ10: _______________is defined as the proportion of the population affected by a disease at a particular time Answer: Prevalence rate FBQ11: – is a rate expressed in terms of a sub-group of a population (i.e.) the denominator is not the total population but a selected portion of it. Answer: Specific rate FBQ12: _____________are statistics that records vital events such as births, death, marriages, annulment and divorce obtained at registration centres at Local, State and at Federal levels Answer: Vital statistics FBQ13: ________________are a combination of vital statistics and other data pertinent Answer: Health Statistics FBQ14: ________________is defined as the proportion of the population affected by a disease at a particular time Answer: Prevalence rate FBQ15: _______________________is a periodic count or enumeration of a population. Answer: Census FBQ16: A ________________is the age and sex structure of the population displayed in the form of histogram showing the percentage distribution of each sex at 5 yearly intervals. Answer: population pyramid FBQ17: ___________________is the study of relationship of organisms including humans to each other as well as other aspects of the environment Answer: Ecology FBQ18: ______________means the inhibition of the development of a disease before it occurs but in the broader sense Answer: Prevention FBQ19: _________________ includes all measures which interrupt or slow the progression of disease and the resulting disability Answer: Prevention FBQ20: __________is the alleviation of disabilities from the disease and attempt to restore effective functioning Answer: Rehabilitation FBQ21: ___________________is the exercise of continuous scrutiny of and watchfulness over the distribution and spread of infection and the related factors with sufficient accuracy and completeness to provide the basis for effective control Answer: Surveillance FBQ22: ___________can be defined as the occurrence in a community or region or a member of a defined population of a group of illnesses of a similar nature in excess of a normal expectancy in that population Answer: Epidemics FBQ23: _________________is a term that expresses a persistent intense transmission of the disease e.g. malaria Answer: Hyperendemic FBQ24: The__________ is the first among a number of similar cases which are epidemiologically related Answer: Index Case FBQ25: Occasionally an animal may serve as the reservoir and this is called____________ Answer: Zoonosis FBQ26: _________________is the period between the exposure to an infectious agent and the appearance of the first signs and symptoms of disease Answer: Incubation Period FBQ27: __________________is the sum total of body mechanism that provides a barrier to the progress of invasion or multiplication of infectious agents and damage their toxic products Answer: Resistance FBQ28: A________________ is someone who though has disease causing organism in his body but does not show any sign of infection. Answer: Carrier FBQ29: ______________is the resistance usually associated with possession of antibodies having specific actions on the micro-organism concerned with a particular infectious disease or its toxin Answer: Immunity FBQ30: _______________is an immuno-biological substance designed to produce specific protection against a given disease Answer: Vaccine FBQ31: _________________are bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections, transmitted through sexual contacts Answer: Sexually Transmitted Infections FBQ32: The ____________ is causative agent of the Acquired Immune Deficiency (AIDS) Answer: Human immuno-deficiency virus FBQ33: Viral replications of HIV are regulated by the products of the _________ Answer: Genes FBQ34: __________-is any organism or agent that is capable of producing infection or infectious diseases Answer: Infectious agent FBQ35: ___________ is someone who though has disease causing organism in his body but do not show any sign of infection. Answer: Carrier MCQ1: Epidemiology was coined from a Greek word meaning the science of____________ Answer: people MCQ2: Epidemiology origins can loosely be traced to the time of Answer: Hippocrates MCQ3: _____________observed patterns of incidence of a cholera outbreak in central London Answer: John Snow MCQ4: The modern definition of epidemiology accommodates three important elements, except Answer: Geographical area MCQ5: The three components (3Ds) common to the definition of epidemiology are the following except , Answer: discovery MCQ6: The following terms are used to describe the extent of the occurrence of disease except Answer: Holoendemic MCQ7: The major questions that are usually asked in epidemiology are the following except: Answer: Which disease occurred MCQ8: Epidemiological studies comprise of the following except: Answer: Inferential epidemiology MCQ9: Experimental/Interventional studies include the following except Answer: Group trials MCQ10: Analytical Epidemiology Cohort Studies include the following except Answer: Risk ratio MCQ11: The three broad questions necessary to describe the occurrence of a disease are the following except: Answer: Season MCQ12: The procedures in descriptive studies are: Answer: Naming of disease MCQ13: Analytic studies only look at the individuals so affected within the population Answer: True MCQ14: The number of life births to residents in an area in a calendar year divided by the average population in that population multiplied by 1000 is Answer: Crude Birth Rate MCQ15: The difference between Crude Birth Rate and Crude Death Rate is Answer: Rate of Natural Population Increase MCQ16: Statistics is used for the following except Answer: To report the health status of the people and provide solution to their health problems MCQ17: The data to be collected during Census will include the following except Answer: height MCQ18: A population pyramid is the age and sex structure of the population displayed in the form of histogram showing the percentage distribution of each sex at __________ yearly intervals. Answer: 5 MCQ19: Methods and Sources of Data Collection include the following except: Answer: Market records MCQ20: Host Factor that influence disease can be the following except Answer: Origin MCQ21: Environmental Factors that determine disease are subdivided into the following except Answer: Psychological MCQ22: The second level of prevention is Answer: early diagnosis and treatment MCQ23: Chemoprophylaxis is an example of which level of prevention? Answer: First MCQ24: Rehabilitation can be divided into the following except Answer: Psychological MCQ25: ________________is a term that expresses a persistent intense transmission of the disease e.g. malaria Answer: Hyperendemic MCQ26: _______________-is the constant presence or the usual prevalence of a disease or infectious agent in human populations within a given geographic area. Answer: Endemic MCQ27: The Common Vehicle Epidemic Transmission can be through the following except: Answer: Injection MCQ28: One of the following is an example of a protozoa Answer: Amoebiasis MCQ29: The following are examples of Zoonosis except Answer: Malaria MCQ30: The following are characteristics that influence disease/illness formation in the body except: Answer: Genetic power MCQ31: The following are types of carrier except Answer: Acute carrier MCQ32: __________________ is the level of resistance of a community or group of people to a particular disease. Answer: Herd Immunity MCQ33: Types of Sexually Transmitted Infections are the following except Answer: Cholera MCQ34: The following are types of Human Retroviruses except Answer: HTLV3 MCQ35: Example of Ricketsiae is Answer: Typhus organism