Question MCQ1 : Which one of the following options is not a feature of language contact?
Answer: Language uniformity
Question MCQ2 : ______________ is the spread of a language as a result of the movement of its speakers to different parts of the world
Answer: Linguistic dispersal
Question MCQ3 : The words and the structure of a group of language speakers reflects the way they see the world and these in turn, guide their ____________
Answer: social interaction
Question MCQ4 : Two important notions in Stylistics are Foregrounding and __________
Question MCQ5 : Different __________of language use have their distinct social identity and style markers
Question MCQ6 : Which of the options is not a function of language?
Answer: Velar function
Question MCQ7 : _____________ is an approach based on a detailed study, which reflects the patterns of custom and communication of culture being studied
Question MCQ8 : Which of these is not a feature of a standard variety of language?
Answer: a variety used by the non-educated speakers of the language
Question MCQ9 : Language is used to maintain relationships between speakers is also referred to as ________
Answer: phatic communion
Question MCQ10 : A language is said to have linguistic power when it is given _______status by reinforcing its role and status in the society
Question MCQ11 : It is impossible to determine what most utterances mean without having some knowledge of the situations in which they occur. Such situations are referred to as?
Question MCQ12 : The social function of language is also referred to as _____________
Answer: phatic communion
Question MCQ13 : The ___________refers to the knowledge of the culture prevalent within the society gained by means of direct experience by the speakers
Answer: ideational knowledge
Question MCQ14 : The study of language from the perspective of its vocabulary is __________
Question MCQ15 : An indication of an episode or event in a narrative or drama that is yet to take place in Stylistics is called __________
Question MCQ16 : Halliday (1973) described the knowledge speakers have of the context of the language they use by identifying three meta-functions namely: the ideational knowledge, the interpersonal knowledge, and the ________
Answer: textual knowledge
Question MCQ17 : A characteristic pronunciation determined by the phonetic habits of the speaker's native language carried over to his or her use of another language refers to ___________
Question MCQ18 : An ecolect is a language dialect unique to a_______.
Question MCQ19 : __________ is not a function of language
Answer: Innovative function
Question MCQ20 : The _________of a discourse refers to what the text is all about, what is happening or the subject matter of the discourse
Question MCQ21 : Which of the under-listed options is not a feature used to identify standard language?
Answer: the use of the language in exchanging banters and in dispute
Question MCQ22 : The term that has come to mean inflated, vague, meaningless language of any kind is ____________
Question MCQ23 : The register variable that refers to the people taking part and the relationship between them is ____________ of discourse
Question MCQ24 : When sociolinguists make reference to the study of the human mind, they are referring to _________
Question MCQ25 : Information, non-standard words or phrases which tend to originate in sub-cultures within the society are called __________
Question MCQ26 : ________simply refers to the negotiation of the floor by the participants in a discourse
Answer: turn taking
Question MCQ27 : The __________of discourse refers to the channel or medium of communication
Question MCQ28 : __________refers to the use of two languages simultaneously or interchangeably in a communication
Answer: Code switching
Question MCQ29 : The term ___________refers to an attempt to study language above the sentence or above the clause.
Answer: Discourse analysis
Question MCQ30 : ___________ occurs when speakers semantically extend the meaning of some English words, coin or create new words to express ideas that English do not have expressions for
Answer: Lexical interference
Question MCQ31 : Which one of the options is not among the things done in the process of language development?
Question MCQ32 : Language death also known as __________is a process that affects speech communities where the level of linguistic competence that speakers possess of a given language is decreased
Answer: language extinction
Question MCQ33 : ___________refers to deliberate efforts to influence the behaviour of others with respect to the acquisition, structure or functional allocation of languages.
Answer: Language planning
Question MCQ34 : ___________is one in which the national-official language is the mother tongue of the vast majority of the population
Answer: An endoglossic state
Question MCQ35 : A national language is the language that is chosen in order to achieve the goal of _____________
Question MCQ36 : ___________competence refers to the knowledge speakers have of the sounds and possible sound combinations of a language
Question MCQ37 : A ___________is a person who is able to speak two different languages and understand them well.
Answer: coordinate bilingual
Question MCQ38 : ___________is a broad term that involves not only the structural features of language, but also its social, pragmatic and contextual characteristics
Answer: Communicative competence
Question MCQ39 : Linguistic __________is the dominance asserted and maintained by the establishment and continuous reconstruction of structural and cultural inequalities between a language and other languages
Question MCQ40 : Which one of the following is not among Krashen's theory of second language acquisition?
Answer: the Final out hypothesis
Question MCQ41 : __________is a branch of anthropology that studies people in their natural settings and gives a descriptive account of social life and culture in a defined social system, based on qualitative methods by detailed observations, unstructured interviews, analysis of documents
Question MCQ42 : ___________implies whether or not the basic grammar and lexicon of the language are derived from the same pre-stages of the language
Question MCQ43 : ___________is the process of expanding the root through the addition of affixes, which modify both the meaning and form.
Question MCQ44 : A __________ is a language that evolved in a situation when speakers of two or more languages cannot speak each others’ languages
Question MCQ45 : Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf brought attention to the relationship between language, thought, and ___________
Question MCQ46 : Which of the under-listed options is not a Creole spoken across the world?
Answer: Bantete (Sierra Leone)
Question MCQ47 : __________ is not a feature of computer-mediated communication
Question MCQ48 : ____________ is the most powerful outlet of the inner thoughts of language users
Question MCQ49 : Which one of the following options is not why people use slang?
Answer: to impress the members of a panel in an interview session
Question MCQ50 : A ___________is the variety that is used by the original speakers of the language.
Answer: native variety
Question FBQ1 : __________ meanings are above the ordinary meaning
Question FBQ2 : The ________function of language focuses on the addresser and it is also referred to as expressive function.
Question FBQ3 : The four major functions of language are: _____, referential, emotive, and poetic functions
Question FBQ4 : ________ creates possibilities for interpretation and helps us to remove ambiguities that utterances would have had if they had occurred in isolation
Question FBQ5 : The three meta-functions identified by Halliday (1973) are: the ideational knowledge, the interpersonal knowledge, and the ________ knowledge
Question FBQ6 : The ________ knowledge is the knowledge of how people behave in particular situations
Question FBQ7 : The level of a one’s education _____ the kind of language he/she speaks, particularly the variety of language he/she uses.
Question FBQ8 : _______ is a social phenomenon and its use is situated in a context
Question FBQ9 : The term _____ is used by some scholars in Linguistics to refer to variety of a language
Question FBQ10 : Slang can be described as informal, non-standard ______ or phrases, which tend to originate in sub-cultures within the society
Question FBQ11 : Deviance is when there is a clear break from the norms and _______ of a language by breaking grammatical rules
Question FBQ12 : Language shift is the process whereby an entire speech community moves to speaking another ________ entirely
Question FBQ13 : ________ refers to the features of grammar and vocabulary, which convey information about a person’s geographical origin.
Question FBQ14 : To determine if two varieties are dialects of the same language, they have to be _________ intelligible
Question FBQ15 : The term _______ is different from dialect in the sense that it refers mainly to the features of pronunciation
Question FBQ16 : A _________ is the language spoken by a social group, social class or subculture
Question FBQ17 : Historicity indicates whether the language has grown or grew through use by some __________ or social group
Question FBQ18 : An _______ is the form of a language peculiar to an individual
Question FBQ19 : The uneducated use a variety that is characterised by wrong use of _________ tenses
Question FBQ20 : Linguistic dispersal is the spread of a language as a result of the movement of its speakers to _______ parts of the world
Question FBQ21 : Ethnolect is the variety of language spoken by people who come from the same ______ group
Question FBQ22 : The ______ of discourse is the channel or medium of communication
Question FBQ23 : Agglutination is the process of expanding the ______ of a word through the addition of affixes, which modify both the meaning and form
Question FBQ24 : The basis of language planning is that the society needs common publicly _________ language
Question FBQ25 : An _________ state is one in which the national-official language is the mother tongue of the vast majority of the population
Question FBQ26 : Computer mediated Communication (CMC) is reducing the social bond that naturally exists between speakers of a language when they interact through ______
Question FBQ27 : A national language is the language that is chosen in order to achieve the goal of __________
Question FBQ28 : A controversial term used to describe people whose two languages are at a low level of development is known as ________
Question FBQ29 : Incipient _______ speak one of the two languages that exist in the community fluently but only understand the other one partially
Question FBQ30 : Communicative competence is a broad term that involves not only the _______ features of language, but also its social, pragmatic and contextual characteristics
Question FBQ31 : The object of the _______ of communication is to document and analyze communicative practices and to investigate how they fit into broader social contexts
Question FBQ32 : __________ linguistics focuses more on the interplay of language and culture
Question FBQ33 : __________ implies whether or not the basic grammar and lexicon of the language are derived from the same pre-stages of the language
Question FBQ34 : A situation where an affix is added to the root to the extent that they both become fused is known as __________.
Question FBQ35 : A ______ is an advanced or elaborated form of pidgin.
Question FBQ36 : According to (UNESCO), a __________ is the mother tongue of a group of people who are politically or socially dominated by another group
Question FBQ37 : Nigerian Pidgin English. It is widely spoken in the _______ towns of Delta and Rivers and Bayelsa States.
Question FBQ38 : Speech, writing and _____ are three major channels of communication
Question FBQ39 : _________ refers to the situation in which two more events happen together at the same time or place
Question FBQ40 : The term ________ apart from its original meaning has also come to mean inflated, vague, meaningless language of any kind.
Question FBQ41 : The two important notions in stylistics are automatization and ________
Question FBQ42 : _________ is the most powerful outlet of the inner thoughts of language users
Question FBQ43 : The term deviation is different from another term, which is closely related to it, that is _______
Question FBQ44 : A native variety is the variety that is used by the _____ speakers of the language
Question FBQ45 : ___________ refers to the common use of linguistic devices
Question FBQ46 : The ________ of discourse refers to the people taking part and the relationship between them.
Question FBQ47 : Interference is an instance of negatively transferring elements from one language into another in the course of _______ exchange
Question FBQ48 : Borrowing in language terms refers to the act of ______ words and expressions from other languages and using them in a language that does not have them
Question FBQ49 : Linguistic imperialism is the dominance asserted and maintained by the establishment and continuous reconstruction of structural and ______ inequalities between a language and other languages
Question FBQ50 : Communicating through the Internet combines the features of _______ and writing